Glossary of Terms
Absorption
Process by which digested food is absorbed by the lower part of the small intestine into the bloodstream.
Adipose
Fatty; pertaining to fat
Anastomosis
Surgical connection between two structures
Bariatric
Pertaining to Weight or weight reduction
BMI
Body Mass Index-Method of calculating degree of excess weight. Based on weight and body surface area.
Cardiovascular
Pertaining to heart and blood vessels
Clinically Severe Obesity
Body Mass Index of 40 or more, which is roughly equivalent to 100 pounds or more over ideal body weight; a weight level that is life risking. Also known as Morbid Obesity.
Co-Morbid
Associated illness (i.e., arthritis, hypertension) disabling conditions associated with clinically severe obesity or obesity-related health conditions.
Colon
Large intestine beginning at the end of the small intestine and ending at the rectum.
Contraindications
Any symptom or circumstance indicating the inappropriateness of an otherwise advisable treatment (i.e., alcoholism; drug dependency; severe depression; sociopathic (antisocial) personality disorder)
Criteria
Defines potential candidate for surgery
Digestion
Process by which food is broken down by stomach and upper small intestine into absorbable forms
Dilation
Process of enlarging a passage or anastomosis
Disease
Process injurious to health and/or longevity
Divided Gastric Bypass
Operation providing a tool for management of clinically severe obesity.
Dumping Syndrome
Uncomfortable feeling of nausea, lightheadedness, upset stomach, diarrhea, associated with ingestion of sweets, high-calorie liquids or dairy products.
Duodenum
First 12″ of small intestine immediately below stomach. Bile and pancreatic fluids flow into the duodenum through ducts from liver and pancreas respectively.
Gastric
Pertaining to stomach.
Gastric Bypass
Operation designed to make non-functional a portion of the stomach.
Gastrointestinal
Pertaining to stomach or intestine
Gastrojejunostomy anastomosis
Upper connection of the Gastric Bypass operation
Gastroplasty
Operation for morbid obesity which reshapes the stomach
Genetic
Pertains to transmitted hereditary characteristics
Hernia
A weakness in the abdominal wall resulting in a detectable bulge
Herniation
Process in which a hernia is formed
Hyperosmolality
Presence of highly concentrated substances capable of producing dumping syndrome
Hypertension
High Blood Pressure
Lleum
Ten feet of small intestine, responsible for absorption
Jejunum
Ten feet of small intestine; the part responsible for digestion
Kilogram
Measure of weight equal to 2.2 pounds
Laparoscopy
Method of visualizing and treating intra-abdominal problems with long fiber-optic instruments
Morbid
Pertaining to disease, illness, increased risk of death
Morbid Obesity
Body Mass Index of 40 or more, which is roughly equivalent to 100 pounds or more over ideal body weight; a weight level that is life risking
Mortality
Pertaining to death
Multi-disciplinary
Team approach to evaluation and treatment of clinically severe obesity; includes surgical, internal medicine, nutrition, psychiatric, and exercise physiology assessment and treatment
NIH
National Institutes of Health
NIH Consensus Report
Summaries of meetings regarding clinically severe obesity and assessment and treatment of obesity; issued periodically by NIH.
Obesity
Pertaining to excessive weight or adipose tissue
Obstructions
Narrowing of an anastomosis or segment of gastrointestinal tract which retards normal passage of food or waste materials
Psychotherapy
Evaluation and treatment of mentally related disorders
Pulmonary
Pertains to the lungs
Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass
A surgical method of reconnecting the stomach and upper small intestines in roughly a Y shape.
Staples
Surgically sterile devices for connecting tissue; usually permanent and made of stainless steel or titanium
Strictures
Narrowing of anastomosis or section of intestine; often related to scarring or ulcers
Therapy
Treatment
Type 2 Diabetes
A disorder of glucose and insulin metabolism
VBG
Vertical Banded Gastroplasty: A type of operation to treat clinically severe obesity. Reshapes and restricts the stomach.

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